Congratulations! The fact that you are reading this article tells me that you already know the numbers from 1 – 20 in German, so good on you! Congrats!
As you probably know by now, counting in German is actually not that difficult – especially not for English speakers.
Recap: Numbers 13 – 20
Remember, for the numbers 13-20 the structure was exactly the same in both German and English. In English they are formed by using the term for the second digit (e.g. ‘six’ in 16) and then adding the suffix -teen, which means ten.
And in German it’s basically the same thing. We use the German term for the second digit (e.g. ‘sechs’ in 16) and then we add the suffix -zehn, which means ten. Accordingly, the German term for 16 is sechzehn, for 18 is achtzehn, and so on.
The Numbers 21 – 100
So far with the similarities. Once we reach twenty, however, the English structure changes, while in German it stays almost the same.
In English, we start with the value of the first digit (e.g. ‘twenty’ in 21) and we add the value of the second digit (e.g. ‘one’ in 21),
In German, however, we stay with almost the same structure as we used in the numbers 13 to 20. We start with the value of the second digit (e.g. ‘ein(s)’ in 21), then we add an ‘und’, which means ‘and’, and then we add the value of the first digit (e.g. ‘zwanzig’ in 21).
Accordingly the numbers 21 – 30 are the following:
Accordingly, we move on with the numbers from 31 – 100. We always use the value of the second digit (e.g. ‘vier’ in 34), then we add an ‘und’, which means ‘and’, and then we add the value of the first digit (e.g. ‘dreißig’ in 34). Actually not that difficult, right?
But in order to be able to use this structure, we first need to know the multiples of ten in German. They are:
Bringing it all together
So with all of that in mind, let’s now take a look at some examples.
|Remember||2nd digit + “und” + 1st digit|
Stay tuned for more articles about the German numbers and other essentials for learning German!
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